There are different types of kites depending on their structure and shape. We are going to find different typologies according to their evolution. We will explain …
In this way, the first traction kites to appear on the market are foils or air traction kites, which come from the design of the parent. They have two cloths, one upper and one lower, which are divided into several cells, which are loaded with wind through the front valves. Likewise, they have a complex system of flanges to control them. They provide great traction capacity with light winds *, but its use in water is very complicated since its difficult relaunch in the water makes it dangerous.
On the other hand we find type C kites and they are the first to appear specifically for kitesurfing, as we know it today, back in 1997 with the WIPIKA project (Wind Powered Inflatable Kite Aircraft) by the Legaignoux Brothers. It gets its name from its in-flight shape, which thanks to its leading edge and inflatable ribs maintain a C shape. In the first beginnings they were two-line kites, but fortunately they evolved to four lines or five lines that provide greater control and security. They are kites with very low wind range and direct, very fast and perfect for fast turns. Many type C kites incorporate a fifth line at the leading edge, right in the center, to facilitate their relaunch.
Bow kites are distinguished in their shape and aerodynamics compared to C. This type of kite therefore has a greater wind range and a wide depower **. Bow kites have a preline system that is connected to the leading edge. These cable ties help keep the kite’s profile in flight. They are kites of great power and great range of wind. Slower than C, but with more tightness.
Lastly, we find the Delta Hybrids, which due to their delta-type shape and the pre-line system they acquire for their piloting, make it quite similar to the flat ones in terms of power capacity, wide wind range, great girding capacity …
These types of kites have revolutionized the world of kitesurfing today and since approximately 2006, when bows appeared giving way to delta, kitesurfing has become an enormously safe sport. As we indicated in Kitepassion Tarifa, kitesurfing is the dangerous thing that the rider wants to do without respecting nature or extreme conditions. But in terms of material … the equipment and specifically the evolution of kites has meant a boom in the spread of this sport in terms of safety.
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Light winds *: Light or residual winds around 6-8 knots.
Depower **: ability to give less power to the kite, kite brake.